circuit

How to Change a Device's Screen Orientation using Expo in React Native

A beginner's guide to handling screen orientation in React Native




Photo by Maxwell Nelson on Unsplash

Photo by Maxwell Nelson on Unsplash

In today's article, I will be showing you two different ways to handle screen orientation in your React Native app. The first way will be using the expo-screen-orientaiton package and the second way will be allowing expo to handle when our app should be rotated.

Project Setup

Adding App Boilerplate

Before we start reading our devices orientation. We first need an app to work with. Paste the following boilerplate code into your app.js file:

App Boilerplate

Your screen should look like this:

Screenshot of what your HomeScreen should look like

Screenshot of what your HomeScreen should look like

Importing Expo Screen Orientation

Before we can start reading our device's screen orientation we first have to install the expo-screen-orientaiton package. Run the following command in your terminal:

expo install expo-screen-orientation

And add the following import statement to the top of your app.js file:

import * as ScreenOrientation from 'expo-screen-orientation'

Reading the Screen Orientation

Storing our Devices Orientation

We will be using the getOrientaitonAsync function to read our screen's orientation. getOrientationAsync returns a promise that specifies if our device is in landscape or portrait mode.

We will need a way to save our device's orientation. To accomplish this, we will be using the useState hook.

Import useState at the top of your project:

import {useState} from 'react'

And add the following code:

const [orientationIsLandscape,setOrientation]=useState(true)

Your code should look like this:

Importing and Using the useState Hook

There are actually two ways to rotate your app.

The first way is changing the layout manually by calling the getOrientationAsync function. This can be accomplished by creating and calling an async function once our button has been clicked.

The second way is to let expo handle rotating our app when the user tilts their device. This only requires a small change in the app.json file.

I will be showing you both ways.

Changing Orientation using getOrientationAsync

To change our screen orientation use getOrientaiton async we will need two functions: a toggleOrientation function and an async changeScreenOrientation function.

Our toggleOrientaiton function will set the orientationIsLandscape state to its opposite value.

If it is true orientationIsLandscape will become false and vice versa. This function will also call changeScreenOrientation.

changeScreenOrientation will be what actually handles rotating our screen.

The code for this is below:

Our Two functions

And now we have to add our toggleOrientation function to our button's onPress.

<Button title="Change Orientation" onPress={toggleOrientation} />

Now once the button is clicked our app will rotate from portrait mode to landscape. If you press the button again the app will rotate back to portrait mode.

Letting Expo Handle the Screen Orientation

To allow expo to handle changing the screen orientation we have to edit the app.json file. Go into your app.json file and delete the line titled orientation.

Delete Line 5 Of the App.json File

Now if you tilt your device, your app will automatically rotate. If your app does not rotate you may have to enable auto-rotate in your device's settings.

Conclusion

Thank you for reaching the end of my article on ‘How to Change a Devices Screen Orientation using Expo in React Native'.

Resources

  1. Github Project Link

  2. Expo-Screen-Orientation




Continue Learning